Global Responses to the Israel-Hamas Conflict: Nations Taking Sides

Global Responses to the Israel-Hamas Conflict: Nations Taking Sides

The Israel-Hamas Conflict: Countries Supporting Tel Aviv and Backing the Palestinian Group.

As the Israel-Palestine conflict intensifies, nations worldwide have taken sides in solidarity with either Israel or the Palestinian group Hamas.

Israel-Palestine Conflict Overview

Israel’s foreign ministry has reported that approximately 84 countries have issued statements supporting Israel while condemning Hamas attacks and endorsing Israel’s right to self-defense. Many Middle Eastern countries have praised Hamas for their surprise assault, which inflicted casualties in Israel.

As the conflict continues with a rising death toll surpassing 1,100, here is a list of countries supporting Israel and those supporting Hamas.

Countries Supporting Israel

  1. United States (US)
    • US President Joe Biden reaffirmed unwavering support for Israel, sending military aid and deploying warplanes and ships closer to Israel.
    • US President Joe Biden has maintained that the US support for Israel was “rock solid and unwavering”. In a show of support, Biden has also ordered US ships and warplanes to move closer to Israel and sent fresh military aid.
    • The Pentagon said it was sending the aircraft carrier USS Gerald R Ford and its accompanying warships to the eastern Mediterranean while boosting fighter aircraft squadrons in the region.
    • Biden also spoke to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Sunday and “conveyed that additional assistance for the Israeli Defense Forces is now on its way to Israel with more to follow over the coming days,” the White House said.
  2. United Kingdom (UK)
    • UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak expressed unequivocal support for Israel and offered any necessary assistance.
    • UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak has told Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu that Britain was standing with Israel “unequivocally” and working to ensure the world speaks in one voice.
    • “(Sunak) reaffirmed that the UK will stand with Israel unequivocally against these acts of terror. The prime minister offered Prime Minister Netanyahu any support Israel needs,” the Downing Street office said in a statement.
  3. France
    • French President Emmanuel Macron condemned the attacks on Israel, affirmed support for the country, and reinforced security measures around Jewish establishments.
    • “I have spoken to President Herzog and Prime Minister Netanyahu. I condemn the attacks carried out from Gaza on Israel, its soldiers and its people. France stands in solidarity with Israel and the Israelis, committed to their security and their right to defend themselves,” Macron said on X (formerly Twitter).
  4. Australia
    • Australia called for restraint to protect civilian lives, supported Israel’s right to defend itself, and condemned Hamas for targeting civilians.
    • Australia has urged “restraint” to protect civilian lives in the Gaza conflict and expressed support for Israel and its right to defend itself. Australian prime minister Anthony Albanese blamed the Hamas for violence and condemned the “indiscriminate” targeting of civilians by Hamas.
    • Albanese said that the “unprovoked” attack was aimed at “creating terror” and added that the “hundreds of people killed in Gaza” was a “real concern”.
  5. Norway
    • Norway condemned Palestinian attacks on Israeli civilians in the strongest terms, calling for an immediate halt to the violence.
    • “Norway condemns in the strongest of terms the attacks on Israeli civilians and calls for an immediate halt to the attacks and violence,” Huitfeldt said.
    • Norway’s surprise support comes a month after Norwegian Foreign Minister Anniken Huitfeldt met with both Israeli and Palestinian officials and claimed it was “tragic” for both sides that a Palestinian state still hadn’t been established, NewsInEnglish, a Norway-based news website reported.
  6. Other Countries Supporting Israel
    • Several other countries, including Austria, Germany, India, Canada, Poland, Spain, and the European Union, expressed support for Israel. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz defended Israel’s right to self-defense.
    • Meanwhile, Israeli Foreign Minister Eli Cohen said he has spoken with 17 foreign ministers, mostly from Europe. Meanwhile, Israeli diplomats have also conducted 180 interviews with foreign press since the war started, according to The Times of Israel.

Countries Supporting Palestinian Group Hamas

  1. Iran
    • Iran has historically supported the Palestinian cause, and the Iranian-backed group Hezbollah is involved in the conflict. Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi hailed the Palestinian attack and predicted the eventual collapse of the Zionist regime.
    • “This victorious operation, which will facilitate and accelerate the collapse of the Zionist regime, promises the impending destruction of the Zionist regime,” said Ali Akbar Velayati, a senior adviser to Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
  2. South Africa
    • The African National Congress stated its support for Palestinians responding to Israeli actions, drawing parallels between apartheid South Africa and the Israeli occupation.
    • The ruling African National Congress issued a statement saying, “It can no longer be disputed that Apartheid South Africa’s history is occupied Palestine’s reality.
    • “As a result, the decision by Palestinians to respond to the brutality of the settler Israeli apartheid regime is unsurprising,” it added. The statement added that it was clear that “the degenerating security situation is directly linked to the unlawful Israeli occupation”.
  3. Yemen
    • Huthi rebels in Yemen expressed support for the Palestinian operation, asserting it exposed Israel’s weaknesses.
    • In Yemen, the Huthi rebels who control the capital Sanaa expressed their support for “the heroic jihadist operation”. In a statement on the website of the Huthi-controlled SABA news agency, the Iran-aligned militant group said the attack “revealed the weakness, fragility and impotence” of Israel.
  4. Saudi Arabia
    • Saudi Arabia called for a two-state solution and an immediate halt to the conflict, acknowledging the international community’s responsibility to promote peace.
    • “The Kingdom renews the call of the international community to assume its responsibilities and activate a credible peace process that leads to the two-state solution to achieve security and peace in the region and protect civilians,” Saudi Arabia said in a statement.
    • The Palestinian conflict has been a point of contention in the normalisation talks between the Saudi and Israel for a long time. In recent months, Biden and senior White House officials have attempted to negotiate with both Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman of Saudi Arabia and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel a normalization deal. However, the ongoing conflict will likely impact the talks.
  5. Qatar
    • Qatar, hosting the Hamas Political office since 2012, blamed Israel for the escalation, citing violations of Palestinian rights and raids on al-Aqsa Mosque.
    • “Israel alone bears the responsibility for the current escalation due to its ongoing violations of the rights of the Palestinian people, the latest of which being the repeated raids on al-Aqsa Mosque under the protection of the Israeli police,” Qatar’s foreign ministry said in a statement.

The ongoing conflict has implications for diplomatic negotiations between Saudi Arabia and Israel, potentially affecting normalization talks between the two nations.

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